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    擋土墻是指支承路基填土或山坡土體、防止填土或土體變形失穩的構造物

    網址:www.ruposon.com  2020-12-10  作者:admin    閱讀:

    擋土墻是指支承路基填土或山坡土體、防止填土或土體變形失穩的構造物。
    Retaining wall is a kind of structure that supports subgrade fill or hillside soil and prevents deformation and instability of fill or soil.
    ▉ 各部分的名稱
    ▉ name of each part
    在擋土墻橫斷面中,與被支承土體直接接觸的部位稱為墻背;
    In the cross section of the retaining wall, the part directly contacting with the supported soil is called the back of the wall;
    與墻背相對的、臨空的部位稱為墻面;
    The part opposite to the wall back and free of air is called the wall surface;
    與地基直接接觸的部位稱為基底;
    The part in direct contact with the foundation is called the base;
    與基底相對的、墻的頂面稱為墻頂;
    The top surface of the wall opposite to the base is called the top of the wall;
    基底的前端稱為墻趾;
    The front end of the base is called the toe of the wall;
    基底的后端稱為墻踵。
    The back end of the base is called the heel.
    圖片
    picture
    ▉ 應用范圍
    ▉ scope of application
    路基在遇到下列情況時可考慮修建擋土墻
    When the subgrade meets the following conditions, retaining wall can be considered
    1. 陡坡地段;
    1. Steep slope section;
    2. 為避免大量挖方及降低邊坡高度的路塹地段;
    2. In order to avoid a lot of excavation and reduce the height of the slope in the cutting section;
    3. 可能產生塌方、滑坡的不良地質地段;
    3. Unfavorable geological sections that may cause landslides and landslides;
    4. 高填方地段;
    4. High fill section;
    5. 水流沖刷嚴重或長期受水浸泡的沿河路基地段;
    5. The base section along the river which is seriously scoured by current or soaked in water for a long time;
    6. 為節約用地、減少拆遷或者少占用農田的地段;
    6. In order to save land, reduce demolition or occupy less farmland;
    7. 為保護重要建筑物、生態環境或其他特殊需要的地段。
    7. To protect important buildings, ecological environment or other special needs.

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